what happened to Delhi air quality after Diwali 2019
Dipavali means a festival of lights, just in books and essays, but practically it is celebrated as a festival of crackers. Instead of knowing it’s direct hazardous results and critical situation of pollution, we just enjoy the crackers. Ignoring the family gatherings, rangoli making, home decoration and other enjoyment events we just give our whole to the time when we will be firing the crackers.
On sunday toxics from crackers filled many pockets of Delhi. On the day, at Lodhi road the PM 2.5 was at 500, which is the severe state of air index. This year, mainly, the center and the Government at their ends pushed Delhites for what not. They pushed citizens for Green Crackers, they pushed notices and cautions regarding the pollution and concerns, but still, it is plunged critically.
People were supposed to follow the instruction given by the Supreme Court of India. They were required to burn the crackers from the time period of 8-10 pm but sounds of crackers could be heard before 8 pm, yesterday and even after 10 pm at night. Many known places like Lajpat Nagar, Burari, Hauz Khas, Sarita Vihar, Kailash Hills Malviya Nagar along with Hari Nagar, Dwarka, Malviya Nagar were reported violating the Supreme Court’s enforced instructions. The outskirts of Delhi were reported excessive firing crackers, exceeding the time limit and violating the rules.
This resulted in the worst air quality of the Noida, Greater Noida, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad, which led to the AQI of 375, 364, 359, 378 respectively.
The situation is still the worse, we can even witness it. The Air Quality Index was really poor but it is better than the last three years. The last year an Air Quality of Delhi was reported 600, but in 2017 it was reported 367 and in 2016 it was 425. According to the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR), the air quality reached as high as 735 in Delhi University.
Talking about the overall Air Quality of Delhi, it was registered 463 at the time of 11.30 pm and 337 at 4 pm. The AQI at different places in Delhi was different as:
Pusa (480), Lodhi Road (436), Airport Terminal (460), Mathura Road (668), Ayanagar (413), IIT Delhi (477), Dhirpur (553), and Chandni Chawk (466).
Fo the general knowledge, we should be aware of the Air Quality Index. Air quality between 0-50 is been considered “Good”, from 51-10 is been considered as “satisfactory”, number ranging from 101-200 is considered as “moderate”, 201-300 is considered as “poor’, from 301-400 is “very poor”, and at last 401-500 is the situation considered as “severe’ but if the Air Quality Index goes above 500 then its is the situation called “severe-plus emergency”.
In the recent past years, at this Dipavali occasion, there have been controversies over the permission to sell or purchase crackers or not, whether to sell it or not when we would be allowed to fire it? and so on. On the very next day of Dipawali, we could witness the level of pollution in surroundings with the naked eyes. The level of pollution is been reported every time, cautions is been given, we, even, know about it but all in vain.
The Particulate matter( PM), which is the combination of solid particles and liquid drops, presents in the air at a very excess level, they can not be seen with naked eyes but with the help of advanced machines and technologies. These particles enter the human body with the help of air and hence result in really dangerous diseases. Not only this but the patients of Asthma and Allergies get effected very seriously due to these pollution created by crackers. Not only humans but the environment, birds, animals, insects and all who come in the food chain, get affected by the pollution critically.
So now we can imagine how some crackers can affect any one’s life. That one could be among us, could be our favorite ones loved ones living far from us. But still, crackers are a joy.
However, overcoming this situation of pollutions created by these crackers and knowing the enjoyment of burning crackers, the Central Government came with ‘Green Crackers’. Authorities stated that these green crackers will produce 30% less pollution, Where amount of pollution created by a general, or we can say previous, crackers do.
Overall the controversies, last October, the Supreme Court of India, made it necessary to use Green Crackers in Deepawali. This was the landmark judgment, in terms of pollution and the environment is concerned.
This year the green crackers were available in the market, with limited reach. These crackers were tested produced less sound and pollution when burnt. Along with this, a ban on Barium Nitrate which was the key pollutant in the crackers was banned by the Supreme Court of India.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) which works under the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), made these green crackers.
The Union Minister of Science and Technology, DR Harshvardhan along with the researchers and scientists of CSIR and NEERI, released these Green Crackers at an event. To recognize the identity of it, the Government also launched a logo and a QR Code for it.
There are three types of Green Crackers
1) first, which releases liquid when burnt, due to which hazardous gases like sulfur and nitrogen dissolve in it. These crackers are also called ‘Safe Water Releaser’.
2) The second type of crackers is known as ‘Star Crackers’. These crackers produce a less amount of Sulphur and Nitrzen then normal. They are very ow in Aluminium.
3) The third category o the crackers are called ‘Aroma Crackers’. Which is quoted with a unique feature of producing fragrance along with less pollution.
A deal signed with 230 companies and NEERI, these companies are involved in the manufacturing industry and make sure the selling of out the Green licensed crackers in the market. The Green Sparkles uses 32% Potassium nitrate, 40% Aluminium powder, 11% of Aluminium Chips and 17% of proprietary addictives, with the intention to reduce the Particulate Matter.
In the end, hopes go in vain, green crackers benefitted but were not up to the mark. People are aware of it but not taking care of it. They were pushed with the notices, about the Green Crackers, about the environmental issues but nothing happened as wanted. We always say education is the key to success. Nothing can change but education changes. Here we actually need education. Not the Government is responsible for taking the initiative and protecting the environment but the citizens are, actually, required to come forward and put their step with the government.
We can not say that all the efforts were totally waste, it helped as the Air Quality Index of Delhi this year was better than the last 3 years but was not even satisfactory, at the same hand. We are needed to support the government fully because the government is not the one consuming oxygen and using the resources available.